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About Risk Factors

Vascular doctors in Long island identify a host of factors that may contribute to the development of vein disease. These can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable factors.


Modifiable risk factors:

  • Obesity: Obesity places a greater strain on the circulatory system therefore contributing to vein disease. Heart Doctors in Long Island advice individuals, particularly those with a family history of vein disease, to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Lack of exercise: Individuals that do not exercise have a slower blood circulation, providing an opportunity for vein disease. Furthermore, activities such as walking or running strengthen the calf muscles allowing for a stronger pumping action of blood towards the heart.
  • Certain medications: birth control pill or hormone replacement therapy lead to hormonal changes that can weaken the vessel walls
  • Various conditions: Liver disease, fluid in the abdomen, previous groin surgery, or heart failure and other conditions that increase the pressure in the abdomen lead to an increased risk of vein disease.
  • Occupational health: Occupations or daily activities that involve standing or sitting for prolonged periods place patients at a higher risk of developing vein disease.

Non-modifiable risk factors:

  • Hereditary: an individual’s risk of developing varicose veins is increased if his/her family members have a family history of vein disease. Around 50% of patients suffering from vein disease have a family history of this condition
  • Age: the valves and walls of the veins weaken with age and do not as work as well as those of younger individuals.
  • Female gender: the best heart doctors in Long Island recognize that the hormonal changes that occur during puberty, menopause and pregnancy increase a woman’s risk of developing vein disease.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy increases a woman’s risk of developing vein disease in two ways: through hormonal changes and an increased volume of blood in the body.